Stylistic Analysis of Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Bells”

Suparlan Suparlan, Muliadi Mul, Masyudin Masyudin


The element that makes the poem beautiful is a figure of speech. There are many types of figures of speech, for instance, metaphor, personification, irony, alliteration, onomatopoeia, and assonance. The researcher chooses Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Bells” to identify because the poem “The Bells” has not many often identified by using figures of speech. This research aimed to identify figures of speech and to find out the possible message that Edgar Allan Poe tries to convey in the poem. This research used qualitative and quantitative methods. The data and source of data took from Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Bells”. This poem has (29%) figures of speech is Metaphor, (27%) is Alliteration, (22%)  Onomatopoeia, (11%) is Assonance, (9%) is Personification and (2%) is Irony. But only some figures of speech become the power in this poem. For instance, in researcher result, the power of figures of speech in the poem “The Bells” is Metaphor and Alliteration.


Stylistics Analysis; Figures of Speech; Edgar Allan Poe’s;

Full Text:



Abas, Hamzah. (2014). An Analysis of Figurative Language in Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man on the Sea.IKIP Mataram.

Agusto, Alwi. (2014). An Analysis of Figures of Speech in Bali Gods Crying.IKIP Mataram.

Badib, Abbas, A., (2012). Lecture Notes on Stylistics. IKIP Mataram.

Bennett, Roberta.; Evans, Verda; Gordon, Edward J.1964. Types of Literature.Boston: Ginn and Company

Black, Elizabeth. (2006). Pragmatic Stylistics.Edinburg University Press. Great Britain.

Bogdan, Robert, and Taylor, J. Steven. (1975).Introduction to Qualitative Research Method. New York: A Wiley- Interscience Publication.

Brown, H. Douglas. (2007). Principles of Language Teaching and Learning.Pearson Education. New York.

Brown, Gillian & Yule, George.(1983). Discourse Analysis. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.

Campbell, George, (1992). The Philosophy of Rhetoric.Illinois.Scholar's Facsimiles & Reprints.

Enos, Theresa. (1995).Encyclopedia of Rhetoric and Composition. New York. Garland Press.

Enkvist, Nils Erik. (1964). Linguistics and Style.Oxford University Press. London

Fadlilah, Lilik. (2013). Figures of speech as a means of Communicating Hawthorne’s message in The Scarlet Letter.IKIPMataram.Lombok Indonesia.

Foss, S.K., Foss, K.A., & Trapp, R., (1991). Contemporary perspectives on rhetoric.ProspectHeights.Illinois: Waveland Press.

Gerrig.R.J and A.F Healy.(1983).Dual Process in Metaphor understanding: Comprehension and appreciation.Journal of Experimental Psychology. Volume 9/4.667 67

Hall, Geoff.(2005). Literature in Language Education. Research and Practice in Applied Linguistics. Series Editors: Christopher N. Candlin and David R.Hall. Customer Service Department, Macmillan Distribution Ltd, Houndmill, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG216XS, England.

Houghton. (2011).The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. United State: Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

Knickerbocker, K.L & Willard Reninger, H. (1963). Interpreting Literature.New York. Chicago. San Francisco. Toronto: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

Knowles, Murray and Moon Rosamund.(2006).Introducing Metaphor.Routledge. New York

Lakoff, G., (1986). The meaning of literal. The metaphor and Symbolic Activity.Chicago.University of Chicago Press.

Litosseliti, Lia. (2010). Research Methods in Linguistics.Continuum International Publishing Group.

Makkah, Mustafa. (2012). Lecture Notes on Literary Criticism. IKIPMataram

McNamee, Maurice B, James E. Cronin, and Joseph A. Rodger.(1971).Literary Types and Themes.New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston

Miller, J.E, et al. (1982). The United States in Literature.Foresway and Company

Ogbulogo, C., 2005. Concepts in Semantics.Lagos: Sam Iroanusi Publications.

Ogunsiji, A., (2000).Introductory Semantics. In Babajide, A.O. (ed) Studies in English Language. Ibadan: EnicrownfitPublithewriterrs.

Perez, Antonio Reyes.(2012). Linguistic-Based Patterns for Figures of speech Processing: The Case of Humour Recognition and Irony Detection. Universitat Politecnica de Valencia.

Perrine, Laurence, (1974). Literature: Structure, Sound, and Sense. The United State of America. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc

Poe, Edgar Allan. (2012). Edgar Allan Poe -68 poems-.PoemHunter.Com – The World’s Poetry Archive.

Richards, I.A., (1976).The Philosophy of Rhetoric.New York.Oxford University Press.

Saleh, Saiful KS. (2008). A Semantic Analysis of Figurative Expression in Earnest Hemingway’s The Old Man and The Sea. A Thesis.Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Searle, John R.(1979). Speech Act: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Shannon, Claude E., (1948). A Mathematical Theory of Communication.Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 27, pp. 379–423, 623–656.

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1998).Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing a grounded theory (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publication, Inc.

Stull, Bradford T.(2001).The Elements of Figures of speech.United State. Pearson Education, Inc.

Swales, John M, and Christine B. Feak.2001.Academic Writing for Graduate Students.The University of Michigan Press.

Thomas, Murray, R. (2003). Blending Qualitative &Quantitative Research Methods in Theses and Dissertations. Corwin Press Inc.

Toolan, Michael. (1998). Language in Literature: An Introduction to Stylistics. Arnold Hodder Headlines group, USA.

Turner, George William.(1973). Stylistics. California. University of California Press.

Ullman, Stephen.1972. Semantics: An Introduction to the Science of Meaning. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Verdonk, Peter. (2002). Stylistics.Oxford University Press.

Weber, J Jacques.1996. The Stylistics Reader: From Roman Jakobson to the Present. Luxembourg: Arnold Associate.

Wellek, Rene and Austin Werren.(1963).Theory of Literature.New Revised Edition. New York: Harcourt, Brace &World, Inc.

Widdowson. H.G. (1979). Stylistics and the Teaching of Literature.Longman: London.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 1307 times
 PDF Downloaded : 243 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Suparlan Suparlan, Muliadi Mul, Masyudin Masyudin

International Journal for Educational and Vocational Studies (IJEVS)

E-ISSN : 2684-6950