Biological properties of European bitterling Rhodeus amarus (Bloch, 1782) in Dinsiz Stream, Turkey

Semra Benzer, Ali Gül


The aim of this article was to some morphometric characteristics of Rhodeus amarus from Dinsiz Stream. A morphological analysis of 21 morphometric characters were done. These characteristics  total length (TL); fork length (FL); standard length (SL); predorsal length; dorsal fin base length; dorsal fin length; head length; pretorbital length; eye diameter; postorbital length; interorbital distance; body height; preanal distance; anal fin base length; anal fin length; pectoral fin base length; pectoral fin length; ventral fin base length; ventral fin length; caudal peduncle depth and weight (W). The samples were measured weight to the nearest 0.01 g and total, fork and standard length to the nearest 0.01 mm. The total length (TL) and weight (W min-max) of the fish were 4.2- 7.1 cm and 1.699- 7.444 g, respectively.

Keywords: Rhodeus amarus; European bitterling; morphometric properties; Dinsiz Stream Turkey

Full Text:



Bauch, G., 1955. Die einheimischen Süßwasserfische. Neumann: Radebeul u. Berlin. 3, 109-110.

Bektaş, Y., Beldüz, A. O., Turan, D., 2013. The phylogenetic position of Turkish populations within the European Bitterling, Rhodeus amarus (Osteichthyes: Cyprinidae). Zoology in the Middle East, 59(1): 39-50.

Chan, K. Y., 2001. An overview of some tillage impacts on earthworm population abundance and diversity implications for functioning in soils. Soil and tillage research, 57(4): 179-191.

Esmaeili, H. R., Nazari, N., Gholamifard, A., Gholamhosseini, G., Teimory, A., Coad, B. W., 2011. Range extension and translocation for Rhodeus amarus (Bloch, 1782) (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae) in northwestern Iran. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 35(6): 882-885.

Francisco, S. M., Cabral, H., Vieira, M. N., Almada, V. C., 2006. Contrasts in genetic structure and historical demography of marine and riverine populations of Atherina at similar geographical scales. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 69: 655-661.

Gaygusuz Ö, Gaygusuz, ÇG, Dorak Z., 2017. Darlık deresi ve kollarının (Şile-İstanbul) balık türü çeşitliliği. Turkish Journal of Bioscience and Collections. 1(1): 29-37. (Turkish).

Gülşah, S. A. Ç., Okgerman, H., 2016. Length-Weight Relationship, Length-Length Relationship and Condition Factor of Some Fish Populations in Büyükçekmece Reservoir (İstanbul, Turkey). Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, 2(1): 43-48.

Holcik, J., 1999. Rhodeus sericeus (Pallas, 1776). Pages 1-32 in P.M. Banarescu, editor. The freshwater fishes of Europe Vol. 5/1, Cyprinidae 2/1. Aula-Verlag GmbH.

Holcık, J., 1960. Age and growth of the European bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus amarus) and notes on different methods of determination of age and growth of fishes. Rozpr. ˇCesk. Akad. Ved Rada Mat. Prír. Ved, 70: 3-112.

İlhan, A., Sarı, H. M., 2015. Length-weight relationships of fish species in Marmara Lake, West Anatolia, Turkey. Croatian Journal of Fisheries: Ribarstvo, 73(1): 30-32.

İlhan, A., Sarı, H. M., Ekmekçi, B., 2014. The Length-Weight Relationship of Bitterling, Rhodeus amarus (Bloch, 1782) in Freshwaters of Turkey. Journal of Fisheries, 8(3): 181-185.

Konečná, M., Reichard, M., 2011. Seasonal dynamics in population characteristics of European bitterling Rhodeus amarus in a small lowland river. Journal of Fish Biology, 78(1): 227-239.

Kottelat, M., Freyhof, J., 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fish. Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland.

Koutrakis, E. T., Kokkinakis, A. K., Tsikliras, A. C., Eleftheriadis, E. A., 2003. Characteristics of the European bitterling Rhodeus amarus (Cyprinidae) in the Rihios river, Greece. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 18(4): 615-624.

Li, F., Liao, T. Y., Arai, R., 2020. Two new species of Rhodeus (Teleostei: Cyprinidae: Acheilognathinae) from the River Yangtze, China. Journal of Vertebrate Biology, 69(1): 1-17.

Lobon-Cervia J., Montanes C., Sostoa A. de., 1991. Influence of environment upon life history of gudgeon, Gobio gobio (L.): a recent and successful colonizer of the iberian peninsula. J. Fish Biol. 39: 285-300.

Lobon-Cervia, J., Y. Dgebduadze, C. G. Utrilla, P. A. Rinco´n, C., Granado-Lorencio., 1996. The reproductive tactics of dace in central Siberia: evidence for temperature regulation of the spatio-temporal variability of its life history. Journal of Fish Biology 48: 1074–1087.

Maitland, P. S., Campbell, R.N., 1992. Freshwater fishes of the British Isles. Harper Collins Publishers, London.

Mann, R. H. K., Mills, C. A., Crisp, D. T.., 1984. Geographical variation in the life-history tactics of some species of freshwater fish. Pages 171-186 in G. W. Potts, and R. J. Wootton, editors. Fish reproduction: strategies and tactics. Academic Press, London.

Mir, F. A., Mir, J. I., Chandra, Suresh, 2013. Phenotypic variation in the Snowtrout Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray, 1832) (Actinopterygii: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from the Indian Himalayas. Contributions to Zoology, 82(3) :115-122.

Moreva, O. A., Predvighkin, M. A., Loginov, V. V., Vodeneeva, E. L., Postnov, D. I., Postnov, I. E. 2017. Morphological characteristics, reproduction, and food habits of European bitterling Rhodeus sericeus amarus (Cyprinidae) in the Alatyr River. Journal of Ichthyology, 57(5): 739-746.

Patimar, R., Seifi, T., Farahi, A., Ezzati, M., 2010. Life history pattern of the bitterling Rhodeus amarus (Bloch, 1782) in Siahroud River (southern Caspian Sea-Iran). Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology, 10 (1), 87-95.

Przybylski, M., García-Berthou, E., 2004. Age and growth of European bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus) in the Wieprz-Krzna Canal, Poland. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology, 4: 207-213.

Przybylski, M., Zieba, G., 2000. Microhabitat preference of European bitterling, Rhodeus sericeus in the Drzewiczka River [Pilica Basin]. Polskie Archiwum Hydrobiologii, 47(1).

Reynolds, J. D., Debuse, V. J. Aldridge, D. C., 1997. Host specialisation in an unusual symbiosis: European bitterlings spawning in freshwater mussels. Oikos 78: 539–545.

Roff, D.A., 1992. The evolution of life histories. Chapman and Hall, New York.

Smith, C., Reichard, M., Jurajda, P., Przybylski, M., 2004. The reproductive ecology of the European bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus). Journal of Zoology, 262(2): 107-124.

Smith, C., Reynolds, J. D., Sutherland, W. J., 2000a. The population consequences of reproductive decisions. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 267: 1327-1334.

Smith, C., Reynolds, J. D., Sutherland, W. J., Jurajda, P., 2000b. Adaptive host choice and avoidance of superparasitism in the spawning decisions of bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 48: 29–35.

Stearns, S.C., 1992. The evolution of life histories. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Tarkan, A. S., Gaygusuz, Ö., Acıpınar, H., Gürsoy, Ç., Özuluğ, M., 2006. Length–weight relationship of fishes from the Marmara region (NW‐Turkey). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 22(4), 271-273.

Tarkan, A.S., Gaygusuz, Ö., Gürsoy, Ç., Acı-pınar, H., 2005. Life history pattern of an Eurasian Cyprinid, Rhodeus amarus, in a large drinking-water system (Ömerli Dam Lake-Istanbul, Turkey). Journal Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 11: 205-224.

Zaki, S. A., Jordan, W. C., Reichard, M., Przybylski, M., Smith, C., 2008. A morphological and genetic analysis of the European bitterling species complex. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 95(2): 337-347.


Article Metrics

#### view : 127 times
PDF 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) Acta Aquatica: Aquatic Sciences Journal   

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.