Aplikasi Parameter Waktu Kontrol PID pada Heat Exchanger dengan Menggunakan Response Surface Methodology (RSM)

Muhammad Ikhsan Nst, Azhari Azhari, Nasrul ZA


Heat exchangers are tools used to transferring or transfer heat energy between a solid surface and fluid or inside different particles and in thermal contact. The objective of the study was to determine the optimum values of Kc, Ti and the best Td which to Heat exchangers of factory phenol design. Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) is a controller to determine the precision of an instrumentation system with the characteristics of feedback on the system. As the methodology of this research is to create a steady state Heat Exchanger model, then change the steady state model into a dynamic model, so create a PID model control, then tuning the PID control and testing PID controls, by disturbing the set point setting the valid point 115 ℃. The result of applying PID control system then got the fastest average time with value Kc = 8,82, Ti = 2,58, Td = 0 that is 0,38 minutes. At a temperature of 147.6 air vapor rate of 290.8 Kg / hr; at a temperature of 148.6 found


heat exchanger, PID, set point, set point


Full Text:



Agnihotri, S. P. and Waghmare, L. M. (2016) ‘Optimal tuning of PID controller with time delay system using CS and SRMR technique’, Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems, 31(3), pp. 1287–1297. doi: 10.3233/IFS-162195.

Budiyanto, S. M. R. W. N. E. (2014). Simulasi Kontrol PID untuk Mengatur Putaran Motor AC. Prosiding SNST Ke-5, 23–28.

Brogan, W.L., Modern Control Theory , Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Yersey, 1985.

Cengel, Y. A. 1997, “Introduction to Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer“, New York:McGraw Hill,.

Cooper, 2000. Practical proses control. Texas

Dewhurst, H. M. and Torres, M. P. (2017) ‘Systematic analysis of non-structural protein features for the prediction of PTM function potential by artificial neural networks’, PLoS ONE, 12(2), pp. 1–18. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172572.

Donapati, Srinivas, 2006, “Autotuning of PID Controllers”, Delhi: Indian Institute of Technology Bombay.

Dwi, Indra Wibawa., Heat Exchanger, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Lampung, 2012.

Foust, A.A., 1980, “Principles of Unit Operation”, 2nd edition, John WileyAnd Sons Inc., New York.

Kern.D.Q., 1983, Process Heat Transfer, McGraw-Hill Book Company, NewYork.

Navigation controller design using fuzzy logic theory for vehicle parallel automatic parking yibing zhao’ (2016), 22(2), pp. 1289–1298.

Nguyen, T. H. and Kim, K.-H. (2017) ‘Finite Control Set–Model Predictive Control with Modulation to Mitigate Harmonic Component in Output Current for a Grid-Connected Inverter under Distorted Grid Conditions’, Energies, 10(7), p. 907. doi: 10.3390/en10070907.

Pakpahan, Sahat, 1988, Kontrol Otomatik Teori dan Penerapan, Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.

Setiawan, Iwan. (2008). “Kontrol PID untuk Proses Industri“. Jakarta: PT Elex Media Komputindo.

Setiawan, I. (2008). Kontrol PID untuk Proses Industri Beragam Struktur dan Metode Tuning Praktis.

Shely Dian, 2010. Peralatan Penukar Panas. Surabaya: Surabaya Press

Sitompul, Tunggul M. 1993, Alat Penukar Kalor, edisi 1. Jakarta: PT.Raja Grafindo Persada.

S. Patankar, 1980. Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Hemisphere, Washington D.C.

Syahruddin, Nasrul. (2006). “Heat Exchanger Introduction”. Balikpapan

T N Luan et.al, “Design of Multi-Loop PID Controllers Based on the generalized IMC-PID Method with Mp Criterion,” International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 5, no. 2, 2007, pp. 212-217.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29103/jtku.v7i2.1249

Article Metrics

#### view : 89 times
PDF 4 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.