PREDICT TUBE OVERAL FOULINGIN HEATEXCHANGER 53 EA-1001

Yasir Amani

Abstract


Alat penukar kalor tipe 53 EA-1001 yang ada pada perusahaan PT. Pupuk Iskandar
Muda beroperasi waktu beberapa lama maka terbentuklah lapisan kotoran atau
fouling, adanya fouling akan mengurangi koefesien perpindahan panas
menyeluruh (U) sampai batas akhir perencanaan alat mencapai harga minimum,
informasi ini diperoleh untuk dapat membuat jadwal rutin berkala pembersihan
dan juga pergantian pipa alat penukar kalor yang tidak layak digunakan lagi
dengan memprediksi penumpukkan fouling maksimum pada alat penukar
kalor.Adanya fouling akan mengurangi koefesien perpindahan panas sampai batas
akhir perencanaan, sehingga dapat dibuat jadwal perawatan rutin. Pengaruh
koefesien perpindahan panas menyeluruh (U) terhadap kecepatan aliran fluida,
mengakibatkan tingginya kecepatan aliran. 8640 jam operasi pada fouling faktor
0,0082 (Rd) menghasilkan volume fouling 0,0066 m
3
perlu perawatan pada usia
APK 27 tahun penyumbatan fouling pada volume 63,585 m
3
. Aliran yang mengalir
adalah laminar dengan nilai 950 Btu.ft
3
/J.lb.s dan tenaga yang hilang 1,46 kali dari
tenaga yang hilang pada keadaan tanpa ada fouling.

Kata kunci : Fouling, alat penukar kalor, koefisien perpindahan panas,aliran, fluida


Full Text:

PDF

References


Artono Koestoer, Raldi, 2002 .”Perpindahan Kalor”. Salemba Teknika.

Jakarta

Ali, M, 2012, “Analisis Aliran pada Sisi Shell Reboiler 61-105 C dengan

Menggunakan CFD”, MTM Unsyiah

Aquino B., zderouin C. & Polley G. T., 2007, Towards an understanding of how

tube inserts mitigate fouling in heat exchangers, Engineering Foundation

Conference, Tomar.

Bryers, R.W., 2009, (Editor) Proceedings of the International Conference on the

Foulingof Heat Exchanger Surfaces, Engineering Foundation, New York,

(In Press).

B. Bansal & X. D. Chen, Fouling on heat exchanger by dairy fluids- a review,

June 2005. http:// services. Bepress. Com/eci/heatexchanger, 2005/.

CP. Kothandaraman, 1977, Heat and Mass Transfer Data Book, Wiley Eastern

Limited, NewDelhi.

DeAnda, E., “Heat Exchanger Fouling and Corrosion Evaluation,” Report No.81- 18003, AiResearch Manufacturing Company of California, Torrance,California,June 1981.

Ekadewi A. Handoyo, 2000, Pengaruh Kecepatan Aliran Terhadap Efektivitas

Shell and TubeHeat Exchanger, Jurnal Teknik Mesin Universitas Kristen

Petra, Jakarta.

Gonzales Garcia G, 2009, Ph. D. Thesis, FIMEE, Universidad de

Guanajuato.

Gudmundur R. Jonsson, Sylvain Lalot, Olafur P. Palsson, & Bernard

Desmet, 2006, Use of extended kalman filtering in detecting fouling in

heatexchanger. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer.

Holman, JP. Alih bahasa E.Jasifi, 1995. “Perpindahan Kalor”. Penerbit

Erlangga. Jakarta.

Ian Wright, “Assessment of Factor Affecting Boiler Tube Lifetime in Waste Fired

Steam Generator”, Final Report, 1996, National Renewable Energy

Laboratory, Colorado

MC. Cabe, W.L, Smith, JC, Harriot, P, 1985, “ Unit Operation of Chemical

Enginering”, 4th ed, Mc.Graw-Hill, New York, Chapter 11, 12, 15

Kern, DQ, 1965, “Process Heat Transfer”, Mc.Graw-Hill, New York

Kays,W.M. and London, A.L, 1964, “Compact Heat Exchanger”, 2 nd Edition

McGraw-Hill, New York

Oddgeir G, 2009, “Detection of Fouling in Heat Exchangers”, University of

Iceland

P. K. Nema and A. K. Datta, 2005, A computer based solution to check the drop

in milk outlet temperature due to fouling in a tabular heat exchanger.

Journal of Food Engineering.

Polley G.T., Wilson D.I., Pugh S.J. & Petitjean E., 2007, “Extraction of crude

oil fouling data parameters from plant monitoring”, Heat Transfer

Engineering, 28 (3), 1-8

Richard C. Byrne, 1999, Standards of The Turbular Exchanger Manufactures

Association,Standards of The Turbular Exchanger Manufactures

Association, Inc., New York.

Rudi Hartono, 2008, Penukar Kalor modul-1.07, Lab. OTK, Unsultengtirta,

Banten

R. B. Dooley, “Boiler Tube Failures-A Perspective and a Vision,” presented

at the EPRI International Boiler Tube Failure Conference, La Jolla, CA

(1991).

Roetzel W. & Spang B. 1989, “Thermal calculations in multi-pass shell and tube

heat exchangers”, Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 67, 115-120

Susanto, “Pengembangan Metode Deteksi Fouling pada Scondary Reformer

Waste Heat Boiler 101-C”, MTM Unsyiah, 2012

S. Lalot, O.P. Palsson, G.R. Jonsson, & B. Desmet, Comparison of neural

networks and kalman filters performances for fouling detection in a heat

exchanger. International Journal of Heat Exchangers, VII, 2005.

Turaikha, M, “Fouling of Heat Exchanger Surface” Heat Transfer Engineering,

Washington D.C, Vol 5, No. 1-2, 1984

Yunus A.Cengel and Robert H. Turner, 2005, Fundamentals of Thermal-Fluid

Sciences. McGraw Hill, 2 edition.

Wahyu S. Nugroho, 2001, Analisa Fouling Factor Pada Heat Exchanger Di

Pembangkit ListrikTenaga Uap Sektor Muara Karang Dengan

Menggunakan Program Visual Basic 5.0, TugasAkhir Universitas

Trisakti, Jakarta.

Warren M. Rohsenow, 1998, Handbook Heat Transfer, Mc Graw-Hill

Handbook, New York.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29103/sisfo.v2i1.1005

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 122 times
 PDF Downloaded : 284 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
 
 

Universitas Malikussaleh