Pre-service teacher's ability in solving mathematics problems viewed from Self-Resilience

Dede Salim Nahdi, Mohamad Gilar Jatisunda, Vici Suciawati


The problem-solving ability is still a big problem for students. Many studies show that Indonesian students are still low in solving math problems. One thing that is needed in solving problems is self-resilience, so that students have resilience in facing problems. This study aims to analyze the differences in problem-solving abilities of pre-service elementary school teacher in terms of self-resilience. This study used a Quasi-Experiment method with the type Nonequivalent Pretest-Posttest Control Group. The population of this study were all elementary school teacher candidates at Majalengka University with a sample of 60 respondent. This study resulted in a significant difference in the increase in problem-solving abilities of student-teacher candidates. Based on Self Resilience, the group of students who received Problem Based Learning had higher problem-solving abilities than the group of students who received expository learning. Mathematical problem-solving ability requires students to have self-resilience because in solving problems, a person needs to have confidence in his ability to face problems.


Mathematical Problem Solving; Self-Resilience; Problem based learning;

Full Text:



Anisa, W. (2014). Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah dan Komunikasi Matematik melalui Pembelajaran Pendidikan Matematika Realistik untuk Siswa SMP Negeri di Kabupaten Garut. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Keguruan, 1(1), 209668.

Arends, R. (2012). Learning To Teach. Central Connecticut State University.

Ariyanto, L., Herman, T., Sumarmo, U., & Suryadi, D. (2017). Developing Mathematical Resilience of Prospective Math Teachers. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 895(1).

Astuti, T. P. (2019). Model Problem Based Learning dengan Mind Mapping dalam Pembelajaran IPA Abad 21. Proceeding of Biology Education, 3(1), 64–73.

Attami, D., Budiyono, B., & Indriati, D. (2020). The mathematical problem-solving ability of junior high school students based on their mathematical resilience. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1469, 012152.

Bishop, C., & Polya, G. (1991). How to Solve It. The Mathematical Gazette.

Cassidy, S. (2015). Resilience building in students: The role of academic self-efficacy. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(NOV), 1–14.

Chapman, O. (2016). An exemplary mathematics teacher’s way of holding problem-solving knowledge for teaching. Proceedings of the 40th Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 139–146.

Clark, K., Kjeldsen, T., Schorcht, S., Tzanakis, C., Clark, K., Kjeldsen, T., Schorcht, S., Tzanakis, C., & Wang, X. (2016). History of mathematics in mathematics education . Recent developments. In History and Pedagogy of Mathematics.

Dahia, vijay. (2010). Why Study Mathematics? Applications of Mathematics in Our Daily Life. Mathematical Applications and Modelling, 1(10), 151–177.

Duch, B. (1996). Problems: A key factor in PBL. About Teaching, 50, 7–8.

Egeland, B., Carlson, E., & Sroufe, A. L. (2017). Resilience as process. Development and Psychopathology, 5(4), 517–528.

Gilligan, R. (2001). Promoting Resilience. A resource guide on working whith children in the care system. In Britsh Agencies for adoption and Fostering.

Goodall, J., & Johnston-Wilder, S. (2015). Overcoming Mathematical Helplessness and Developing Mathematical Resilience in Parents: An Illustrative Case Study. Creative Education, 06(05), 526–535.

Gurat, M. G. (2018). Mathematical problem-solving strategies among student teachers. Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, 11(3), 53–64.

Hamill, S. K. (2003). Resilience and Self-Efficacy: The Importance of Efficacy Beliefs and Coping Mechanisms in Resilient Adolescents. Colgate University Journal of the Sciences, 115–146.

Harsela, K., & Asih, E. C. M. (2020). The level of mathematical resilience and mathematical problem-solving abilities of 11 th grade sciences students in a senior high school. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1521, 032053.

Hayward, M. L. A., Forster, W. R., Sarasvathy, S. D., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2010). Beyond hubris: How highly confident entrepreneurs rebound to venture again. Journal of Business Venturing, 25(6), 569–578.

Herlina, S., Turmudi, M., & Dahlan, J. A. (2012). Efektivitas Strategi React Dalam Upaya Peningkatan Kemampuan Komunikasi Matematis Siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama. Jurnal Pengajaran MIPA, 12(1), 1–7.

Hutauruk, A. J., Darmayasa, J. B., & Priatna, N. (2019). Achievement of students mathematical resilience through problem based learning model with metacognitive approach. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1315, 012051.

Johnston-Wilder, S., Lee, C., Garton, L., Goodlad, S., & Brindley, J. (2013). Developing Coaches for Mathematical Resilience. ICERI 2013: 6th International Conference on Education, Research and Innovation.

Keye, M. D., & Pidgeon, A. M. (2013). Investigation of the Relationship between Resilience, Mindfulness, and Academic Self-Efficacy. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 01(06), 1–4.

Lee, C., & Johnston-Wilder, S. (2017). The Construct of Mathematical Resilience. In Understanding Emotions in Mathematical Thinking and Learning (pp. 269–291). Elsevier.

Lloyd, K. D., Katz, A. S., & Pronk, N. P. (2016). Building Emotional Resilience at the Workplace. ACSMʼs Health & Fitness Journal, 20(1), 42–46.

Lomas, G., Grootenboer, P., & Attard, C. (2012). The affective domain and mathematics education. Research in Mathematics Education in Australasia 2008-2011, 9789460919701, 23–37.

Maharani, S., & Bernard, M. (2018). Analisis Hubungan Resiliensi Matematik Terhadap Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Siswa Pada Materi Lingkaran. JPMI (Jurnal Pembelajaran Matematika Inovatif), 1(5), 819.

Martin, A. J. (2013). Academic buoyancy and academic resilience: Exploring ‘everyday’ and ‘classic’ resilience in the face of academic adversity. School Psychology International, 34(5), 488–500.

Michael, P. (2004). Does Active Learning Work ? A Review of the Research. Journal of Engineering Education, 93(July), 223–231.

Mumcu, H. Y. (2018). Examining Mathematics Department Students’ Views on the Use of Mathematics in Daily Life. International Online Journal of Education and Teaching (IOJET), 5(1), 61–80.

Murphey, D., Barry, M., & Vaughn, B. (2013). Positive Mental Health. Positive Mental Health Resilience.

Nahdi, D. S., Jatisunda, M. G., Cahyaningsih, U., & Suciawati, V. (2020). Pre-service teacher ’ s ability in solving mathematics problem viewed from numeracy literacy skills. Elementary Education Online, 19(4), 1902–1910.

Novotná, Jarmila, Eisenmann, P., Přibyl, J., Ondrušová, J., & Břehovský, J. (2012). Problem Solving in School Mathematics Based on. Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, 7(1), 1–6.

Ponte, J. P. D. A. (2001). Investigating Mathematics and Learning To Teach Mathematics. Making Sense of Mathematics Teacher Education, 2001, 53–72.

Rajendran, N. S. (2008). Teaching & acquiring higher-order thinking skills: Theory & practice. Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris.

Rohmah, S., Kusmayadi, T. A., & Fitriana, L. (2020). Mathematical connections ability of junior high school students viewed from mathematical resilience. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1538, 012106.

Rojas F., L. F. (2015). Factors Affecting Academic Resilience in Middle School Students: A Case Study. GiST Education and Learning Research Journal, 11(11), 63–78.

Rokhmah, K. N., Retnawati, H., & Solekhah, P. (2019). Mathematical resilience: Is that affecting the students’ mathematics achievement? Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1320, 012036.

Roohi, F. (2012). Role of Mathematics in the Development of Society. National Meet on Celebration of National Year of Mathematics, 1–14. of Mathematics in the Development ofSociety-NCER-.pdf

Rott, B. (2020). Teachers’ Behaviors, Epistemological Beliefs, and Their Interplay in Lessons on the Topic of Problem Solving. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 18(5), 903–924.

Saadati, F., Cerda, G., Giaconi, V., Reyes, C., & Felmer, P. (2019). Modeling Chilean Mathematics Teachers’ Instructional Beliefs on Problem Solving Practices. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 17(5), 1009–1029.

Schoenfeld, A. H. (1992). Learning To Think Mathematically : Sense-Makingin Mathematics. In Handbook for research on mathematics teaching and learning (pp. 334–370). MacMillan.

Utami, C. T. (2017). Self-Efficacy dan Resiliensi: Sebuah Tinjauan Meta-Analisis. Buletin Psikologi, 25(1), 54–65.

Wilson, J. W., Fernandez, M. L., & Hadaway, N. (2011). Mathematical Problem Solving. The University of Georgia.

Young-Loveridge, J. (2009). Two Decades of Mathematics Education Reform in New Zealand: What Impact on the Attitudes of Teacher Education Students? Shaping the Future of Mathematics Education: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 705–712.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 283 times
 PDF Downloaded : 105 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Dede Salim Nahdi, Mohamad Gilar Jatisunda, Vici Suciawati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Malikussaleh Journal of Mathematics Learning (MJML) are abstracting & indexing in the following databases:

Malikussaleh Journal of Mathematics Learning (MJML) also has been listed and archives in the following databases: SHERPA/RoMEO Policy, LOCKSS Archieving System, ULRICHSWEB Proquest, EZB Universitat Reqensburq, Open Science Directory by EBSCO information service and ROAD ISSN.