The Role of Leadership With the Implementation of Patient Safety in Public Health Center Y in Cirebon City

Mitha Erlisya Puspandhani, Erida Fadila, Rica Arieb Shintami


The application of patient safety is influenced by five factors namely individual factors and nurse performance, work environment factors, patient factors, organizational factors, and external factors. This explanation concludes that patient safety performance as an organization's quality performance is influenced by the role of the leader in it. Leadership is an aspirational power, strength, enthusiasm, and creative moral strength that is able to influence members to change attitudes, so that they come to understand the leader's desires. The behavior of the group or organization becomes the aspirations of the leader. by the interpersonal influence of the leader on his subordinates. In such conditions there is volunteerism or induction of compliance (complience induction) subordinate to the leadership. Especially in an effort to achieve a common goal, so the process of solving the problems that must be faced collectively is needed.Leadership has a function as a mobilizer and coordinator of human resources, natural resources, all funds, and facilities prepared by a group of people who work together to behave in achieving goals. Achieving goals starts from creating high productivity. This condition allows nurses to work as optimal as possible, so that the needs and safety of patients can be met . Program patient safety mentioned above is expected to prevent injury caused by the fault / error due to carry out an act dala m service kesehaatan Interest to determine the relationship of leadership roles with penerapatan patient safety in the inpatient unit PHC Y Cirebon This type of research is descriptive correlative with cross sectional approach, the number of samples were 30 respondents, the research instrument used a questionnaire. Data analysis using chi square test. The results showed that of 30 respondents the majority of respondents stated the role of leadership was good, 17 respondents (56.7%). Most nurses apply patient safety well, that is 56.7% of the 30 respondents. The result of the bivariate analysis found that there was a relationship between the leadership's role and patient safety application in the inpatient room at Puskesmas Y Cirebon City with p value = 0.025 (alpha = 0.05). Recommendations that can be given are interventions needed in the form of providing information to leaders in order to carry out their roles properly, as well as providing training to implementers to implement patient safety properly.


Role of Leaders; Patient Safety


Arikunto, S. (2009). Research Procedure A Practical Approach. Revised Edition VI. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Davis, Keith and Newstron, Jhon W. (2009). Behavior in Organizations. Second volume. Seventh Edition . Jakarta: Erlangga.

Ministry of Health RI., (2009). Hospital Service Standards. Jakarta Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia.

Ministry of Health RI., (2008). The evaluation of the implementation of standards Instruments Nursing at Saki House t , Jakarta.

Ministry of Health RI., (2011). Guidelines for Providing Nursing Services in Hospitals. The Directorate of Medical Services and Medical Services Development Directorate General of Health Services of the Indonesian Ministry of Health. MOH RI.

Dwiorahasto, I., (2010). Research in the Field of Health Medicine Towards the Quality of Health Services Focusing on Patient Safety: Clinical Risk Management as a Patient Safety Area. FK-UGM Yogyakarta.

Gibson.,(2009).Organization: Behavior, Structure, Process. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Gibson., (2010). Organizational Behavior (9th Ed). United State of America.

Hastono, S. P. (2007), Data Analysis Module a, Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Jakarta.

Hasibuan, Malayu SP. (2009). Management: Basics, Understanding, and Problems. Revised Edition. Jakarta: Earth Literacy.

Henricksen., (2008). Medical Committee Performance Profile relating to KP.

Heni.P., (2009). Factors Related to Patient Safety at Beiji Hospital Depok: Thesis: UI

Henrikson JE, & Bech-Nielsen H., (2009). Blood Glucose Levels. healthadvice / facts / diabetesbloodsu gar. htm. Accessed January 2, 2019.

Ilyas, Y., (2012). Performance: Theory, assessment and research. Jakarta: Center for Health Economics Study FKM UI.

Ilyas, Y., (2009). Performance: Theory, assessment and research. Jakarta: Center for Health Economics Study FKM UI.

Iswati., (2012)., The Effect of Patient Safety Quality Assurance by Head of Room on Patient Safety Measures by Implementing Nurses at Bhakti Yudha Hospital Depok. Thesis. UI.

KARS., (2011). Guidelines for Reporting Patient Safety Incidents.

Kohn et al., (2015). ToErr is Human: Building a safer Health System. Washington DC: Institute of Medicine pp. 1-2

Heizer , J and Render , B. Operation Management. Issue 7. Sale m ba E m pat: Jakarta.

Koentjoro., (2009). The most important current issues regarding patient safety are a report of the FK-UGM PMPK delegation from the ISQUA Conference in Canada Canada. ULRQ Bulletin. 2-17.

Kron S. Gray., (2007). The management of patient care :; Putting Leadership Skills to Work. 6th ed, Philadelphia: WB Saunders Company.

Mangkunegara ,. P. (2011). Human Resources Management. Tenth Edition, Bandung: PT. Teenager Rosda.

Nursalam,(2011). Nursing Management Application in Professional Nursing Practices, 2nd Edition. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

Notoatmojdo, S.(2012), Health Research Methodology, Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.

Notoatmojdo, S. (2009). Health Research Methodology, Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.

Republic of Indonesia Health Minister Regulation No. 1691 / menkes / per / VIII / 2011. Safety Safety en.

Potter, PA, Perry, AG, 2009., Nursing Fundamental Textbooks: Concepts ,. Process and Practice. Jakarta: EGC

Rivai, V. (2007). Organizational leadership and behavior. Second edition. Jakar ta: PT Raja Grafisindo Persada.

Robbins, Stephen P, (2010), Organizational Behavior, Tenth Edition, PT Index. Jakarta.

Swanburg, RC (2009). Nursing leadership and management. for Clinical Nurses , Interpreting Samba Suharyati, Jakarta: EGC.

Sugiyono (2009), Qualitative Quantitative Research Methods and R&D, Alfabeta, Bandung.

KKP-RS Team. (2010). Guidelines for Reporting on Patient Safety Incidents. Issue 2: Jakarta

KKPRS-Persi Team, KARS Ministry of Health, (2006). Hospital Patient Safety Handbook

Triwibowo Cecep, Pusphandani Mitha Erlisya (2015). Introduction to Public Health Sciences Nuha Medika: Yogyakarta

Triwibowo Cecep, Pusphandani Mitha Erlisya. (2015). Environmental Health and K3 Nuha Medika: Yogyakarta.

Wirjana. RB., And Susilo Supardo, (2008), Leadership, Basics and Development. Rineke Cipta: Jakarta.

Walshe, K & Boaden, R. (2009)., Patient Safety: Research Into Practice. Yukl. 2008. Leadership in Organizations. Jakarta: Index


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 127 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Mitha Erlisya Puspandhani, Erida Fadila, Rica Arieb Shintami

International Journal for Educational and Vocational Studies (IJEVS)

E-ISSN : 2684-6950