Increasing Students’ Intercultural Awareness Using Film as the Media in the EFL Classroom

Yeni Dyah Nur Kartikasari, Pratiwi Retnaningdyah, Ali Mustofa


The study was aimed to obtain information regarding to the teacher’s strategy and students’ aspects of Intercultural Awareness (ICA) perceived from CCC through film. It was qualitative study and data of the study were taken from documentations which consisted of observation sheets, field notes, and students’ journal writing with guided questions in three phases: before, during and after viewing the film. Based on data analysis, the result shows that there were four categories in the strategies of ICA the teacher developed through film in the EFL classroom. The teacher also tended to apply the QAR strategies as well as it aimed at improving students’ reading comprehension before, during and after watching the film which showed six steps. The six steps were by visualizing to the information to students’ own experience, recalling students’ past experiences, clarifying to students’ behavior towards different cultures from their own, locating the information from the film, imagining to the position of the characters in the film, and summarizing the film to the positive and negative sides. Another finding was found that from twenty-one aspects, there was ‘respect to others’ as major key of all aspects of ICA emerged. The two findings contributed much for intercultural study.


ICA; QAR Strategies; CCC; Film; EFL Classroom

Full Text:



Aitken, I. (2012). Lukacsian Film Thoery and Cinema: A Study of Georg Lukacs’ Writing on Film. Manchster: Manchester University Press.

Alfred, G., Byram, M., & Fleming, M. (2003). Intercultural Experience and Education. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Sorensen, C. K., & Razavieh, A. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education (8th Editio). Belmont, California: Wadsworth.

Baker, W. (2012). From cultural awareness to intercultural awareness: Culture in ELT. ELT Journal, 66(1), 62–70.

Baranauskiene, R. (2012). Filologija 2012. Filologija (17), 63, 34–44.

Breeze, R. (2017). Essential Competencies for English-medium University Teaching. 27(October).

Briam, C. (2010). Outsourced: Using a comedy film to teach intercultural communication. Business Communication Quarterly, 73(4), 383–398.

Bueno, K. A. (2009). Got Film ? Is It a Readily Accessible Window to the Target Language and Culture for Your Students ? Summer 2009, 318–339.

Byram, M. (1997). Teaching and Assessing Intercultural Communicative Competence. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Byram, M., Gribkova, B., & Starkey, H. (2002). Developing The Intercultural Dimension in Language Teaching: A Practical Introduction For Teachers. Strasbourgh: Council of Europe.

Byram, M., & Phipps, A. (2003). Context and Culture in Language Teaching and Learning. In Studies in Second Language Acquisition (Vol. 26).

Cardon, P. W. (2010). Using Films to Learn About the Nature of Cross-Cultural Stereotypes in Intercultural Business Communication Courses. Business Communication Quarterly, 73(2), 150–165.

Cavalli, M., Coste, D., Alexandru, C., & Van de Ven, P.-H. (2009). Plurilingual and intercultural education as a project. Strasbourgh: Language Policy Divison.

Chao, T. C. (2013). A diary study of university EFL learners’ intercultural learning through foreign films. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 26(3), 247–265.

Collins, P. S. (2001). Community Writing: Researching Social Issues Through Composition (London). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Delors, J., Amagi, I., Carneiro, R., Chung, F., Geremek, B., Gorham, W., Nanzhao, Z. (1996). The Treasure Within: Report to UNESCO of the International Comission on Education for the Twenty-first Century. Paris.

Denzin, N. (2004). Reading film. A Companion to Cualitative Research, (1972), 237–242.

Fitriani, F., Nur, R. H., Bustamin, B., Ali, S. M., & Nurisman, N. (2019). Improving Students' Descriptive Text Writing by Using Writing in the Here and Now Strategy at the Tenth Grade Students of Vocational High School. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Studies, 1(6), 632-636.

Galante, A. (2015). Intercultural Communicative Competence in English Language Teaching: Towards Validation of Student Identity. BELT - Brazilian English Language Teaching Journal, 6(1), 29.

Halliday, M. A. ., & Hasan, R. (1989). Halliday,M.A.K-1989.pdf (First Edit). New York: York University Libraries.

Hashemi, Z., & Amerian, M. (2011). the Impact of Journal Writing on the Correct Use of Grammar Among Efl Students of Rafsanjan Vali-E-Asr University. XL(October 2017), 48–59.

Hekmati, N., Ghajar, S. G., & Navidinia, H. (2018). Movie-generated EFL Writing: Discovering the Act of Writing through Visual Literacy Practices. Internationa; Journal of Language Studies, 12(2), 51–64.

Jacobs, C. P. (2013). Film Theory and Approaches to Criticism, or, What did that Movie Mean? University of North Dakota. Retrieved from

Jago, C., Shea, R. H., & Scanlon, L. (2011). Literature & Composition Reading • Writing • Thinking. Boston: Bedford/St.Martin’s.

Kiss, T., & Weninger, C. (2017). Cultural learning in the EFL classroom: The role of visuals. ELT Journal, 71(2), 186–196.

Kusumaningputri, R., & Widodo, H. P. (2018). Promoting Indonesian university students’ critical intercultural awareness in tertiary EAL classrooms: The use of digital photograph-mediated intercultural tasks. System, 72, 49–61.

Marzuki, M. (2019). Common Mistakes Found in Essay Writing of Chemical Engineering Department First Grade Students in Politeknik Negeri Lhokseumawe. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Studies, 1(6). 591-594

Mallinger, M., & Rossy, G. (2003). Journal of Management Education. OBTS Teaching Society for Management Educators, 608–624.

Mayasari, A., Pudjobroto, A. H., & Wahyuni, D. S. (2001). Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension Through Question-Answer Relationships. English Education, 2, 43–51.

P. M. Ribeiro, S. (2016). Developing intercultural awareness using digital storytelling. Language and Intercultural Communication, 16(1), 69–82.

Pegrum, M. (2008). Film , Culture and Identity : Critical Classroom Film , Culture and Identity : Critical Intercultural Literacies for the Language Classroom. (October 2014), 37–41.

Roell, C. (2010). Intercultural Training with Films. English Teaching Forum, 1–14.

Samovar, L. A., Porter, R. E., Mcdaniel, E. R., & Roy, C. S. (2012). Communication Between Cultures (8th Editio). Boston: Cengage Learning.

Scollon, R. (2001). Language in Society 21: Intercultural Communication Culture (Second Edi). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publisher.

Sercu, L. (2005). Foreign Language Teachers and Intercultural Cpmpetence : An International Investigation. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Sturm, J. L. (2012). Using Film in the L2 Classroom : A Graduate Course in Film Pedagogy. XX(X), 1–14.

Szczepaniak-kozak, A., & Romanowski, P. (2014). Developing intercultural pragmatic competence in the classroom: Selected theoretical and practical assumptions. In Intercultural Issues in the Era of Globalization. Naukowe: Wydawnictwo Naukowe.

Tanghe, S. (2016). Promoting critical racial awareness in teacher education in Korea: reflections on a racial discrimination simulation activity. Asia Pacific Education Review, 17(2), 203–215.

Tarp, G. (2017). Influences on intercultural classroom communication: student voices. Pedagogies, 12(2), 219–231.

Truong, L. B., & Tran, L. T. (2014). Language and Intercultural Communication Students ’ intercultural development through language learning in Vietnamese tertiary education : a case study on the use of film as an innovative approach. Language and Intercultural Communication, 2(November 2014), 207–225.

Wang, Y. (2014). Using Films in the Multimedia English Class. English Language Teaching, 2(1), 179–184.

Woelders, A. (2007). It Makes You Think More When You Watch Things ”: Scaffolding for Historical Inquiry Using Film in the Middle School Classroom. The Social Studies, 4(August), 145–152.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 1028 times
 PDF Downloaded : 293 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Yeni Dyah Nur Kartikasari, Pratiwi Retnaningdyah, Ali Mustofa

International Journal for Educational and Vocational Studies (IJEVS)

E-ISSN : 2684-6950