Keragaman genetik ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) di wilayah perairan Indonesia

I Gusti Ayu Diah Hendiari, Aida Sartimbul, I Wayan Arthana, Gde Raka Angga Kartika

Abstract


Ikan Lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) merupakan komoditas perikanan pelagis yang sangat bernilai ekonomis dikalangan masyarakat Indonesia. Ikan Lemuru memiliki kelebihan yaitu keberadaannya yang berlimpah di perairan lau Indonesia, harganya yang sangat murah serta kandungan omega-3 yang sangat baik untuk tubuh. Kebutuhan akan ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) yang tinggi menyebabkan tingginya angka penangkapan komoditas ini di perairain, sehingga dapat menyebabkan resiko penurunan jumlah populasi dialam. Pengelolaan yang tepat pada komoditas ini tentunya diperlukan akan dapat meminimalisir resiko yang dapat terjadi. Pengelolaan akan dapat terlaksana dengan tepat apabila berdasarkan atas data informasi yang memadai, salah satunya adalah informasi mengenai keragaman genetiknya. Kajian ini mengumpulkan pustaka dari penelitian terdahulu mengenai keragaman genetik ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) di Wilayah Perairan Indonesia untuk dapat memberikan gambaran mengenai keragaman Ikan Lemuru dari segi genetiknya. Nilai keragaman genetik dilihat dari nilai keragaman haplotipe (Hd) karena keduanya memiliki kolerasi yang positif untuk menggambarkan keragaman genetik dari suatu komoditas. Hasil kajian memperlihatkan nilai keragaman genetik ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) di Wilayah Perairan Indonesia memiliki nilai yang termasuk kategori tinggi. Hasil ini menggambarkan bahwa ditengah tingginya kegiatan penangkapan, ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) secara genetik masih memiliki keragaman yang tinggi sehingga dimungkinkan komoditas Ikan Lemuru memiliki adaptasi yang tinggi terhadap kondisi lingkungan.

Kata kunci: Sardinella lemuru, keragaman genetik, keragaman haplotipe

 

Sardinella lemuru is pelagic commodities that have economic values for the Indonesian. S. lemuru has some of the major advantages, such as much population on Indonesian marine, low price, and has Omega-3 for the human body. The high demands of Lemuru Fish cause a high rate of cached, that can cause the risk of population degradation. Proper management of these commodities are needed to decrease the risk impact, that can be done rightly based on the equal value of information, and one of them is genetic diversity. This research compiles the recent researches about the genetic diversity of the Sardinella lemuru in Indonesian to get the explanation about Lemuru Fish diversity. The value of genetic diversity observed is based on the diversity value of Haplotype (Hd), because these two values have a positive correlation to make a whole representation from a commodity. The results of this review show that the genetic diversity of Lemuru Fish on Indonesian marine territorial has the high-value category. These results explain that in the high activities of fishing, Lemuru Fish genetically still have a high diversity that leads to the conclusion Lemuru Fish commodities has a high-level ability to adapt from environmental conditions.

Keywords: Sardinella lemuru; genetic diversity; haplotype diversity

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abida, Fadlan, R., Pranowo, W.S., Pratomo, Y., Kisnarti, E. A., 2015. Identifikasi komponen harmonik di Selat Lombok berdasarkan data arus time series. Jurnal Depik 4(1): 24-32.

Akbar, N., Zamani, N.P., Madduppa, H.H., 2014. Keragaman genetik ikan tuna sirip kuning (Thunnus albacares) dari dua populasi di Laut Maluku. Depik Jurnal, 3(1): 65–73.

Akbar, N., & Labenua, R., 2018. Keragaman genetik Ikan Cakalang (Katsuwonus pelamis) di Perairan Laut Maluku Utara. Depik Jurnal, 7(2): 164–176.

Allendorf, F. W., Hohenlohe, P. A., Luikart, G., 2010. Genomics and the future of conservation genetics. Nature Reviews Genetics, 11(10): 697–709.

Arifan, F., & Wikanta, D.K., 2011. Optimasi produksi Ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) tinggi asam lemak omega-3 dengan proses fermentaso oleh bakteri asam laktat. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Wahid Hasyim Semarang, 15, B15–B20.

Arnaud-Haond, S., Duarte, C. M., Diaz-Almela, E., Marbà, N., Sintes, T., & Serrão, E. A., 2012. Implications of Extreme Life Span in Clonal Organisms: Millenary Clones in Meadows of the Threatened Seagrass Posidonia oceanica. PLoS ONE, 7(2): 1–10.

Avolio, M. L., Beaulieu, J. M., Lo, E. Y. Y., & Smith, M. D., 2012. Measuring genetic diversity in ecological studies. Plant Ecology, 213(7): 1105–1115.

Binh, D. T., Chau, N.T.B., Ly, B.K., 2014. Struktur Ikan Tuna Sardinella gibosa Bleeker, 1849 (Clupeiformes: Clupeidae) di Wilayah Perairan Vietnam. Majalah Biologis, 36(1): 180–188.

Blum, M. J., Bagley, M.J., Walters, D.M., Jackson, S.A., Daniel, F.B., Chaloud, D.J., Cade, B.S., 2012. Genetic diversity and species diversity of stream fishes covary across a land-use gradient. Oecologia, 168(1): 83–95.

Borsa, P., Arlyza, I.S., Laporte, M., Berrebi, P., 2012. Population genetic structure of blue-spotted maskray Neotrygon kuhlii and two other Indo-West Pacific stingray species (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae), inferred from size-polymorphic intron markers. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 438: 32–40.

Bramandito, A., Subhan, B., Prartono, T., Anggraini, N.P., Januar, H.I., Madduppa, H.H., 2018. Genetic diversity and population structure of Siganus fuscescens across urban reefs of Seribu Islands, Northern of Jakarta, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 19(6): 1993-2002.

Chandrasekar, S., Sivakumar, R., Mathialagan, R., Subburaj, J., Thangaraj, M., 2019. Population genetic structure of Etroplus suratensis Bloch, 1790 in South India. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity, 12(3): 376–381.

Dudu, A., Georgescu, S.E., Costache, M., 2015. Evaluation of genetic diversity in fish using molecular markers. Molecular Approaches to Genetic Diversity (pp. 165–193).

Fakhri, F., Narayani, I., Mahardika, I.G.N.K., 2015. Keragaman genetik Ikan Cakalang (Katsuwonus pelamis) dari Kabupaten Jembrana dan Karangasem. Jurnal Biologi, 19(1): 11–14.

Frankham, R., Bradshaw, C. J. A., Brook, B. W., 2014. Genetics in conservation management: Revised recommendations for the 50/500 rules, Red List criteria and population viability analyses. Biological Conservation, 170: 56–63.

Freeland, J. R., Kirk, H., Petersen, S., 2011. Molecular ecology. John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

Froese, R., Pauly D., (Editors), 2015. Fish base. World Wide Web electronic publication.

Funk, W. C., McKay, J.K., Hohenlohe, P.A., Allendorf, F.W., 2012. Harnessing genomics for delineating conservation units. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 27(9): 489–496.

Himelda, Wiyono, E.S., Purbayanto, A., Mustaruddin, 2011. Analisis sumberdaya perikanan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853) di Selat Bali. Marine Fisheries, 2(2): 165–176.

Himelda, Wiyono, E.S., Purbayanto, A., Mustaruddin, 2012. Seleksi jenis alat tangkap dan teknologi yang tepat dalam pemanfaatan sumberdaya lemuru di Selat Bali. BULETIN PSP, 20(1): 89–102.

Hughes, A. R., Inouye, B. D., Johnson, M. T. J., Underwood, N., Vellend, M., 2008. Ecological consequences of genetic diversity. Ecology Letters, 11(6): 609–623.

Hsu, T.H., Adiputra, Y.T., Burridge, C.P., Gwo, J.C., 2011. Two spinefoot colour morphs: mottled spinefoot Siganus fuscescens and white-spotted spinefoot Siganus canaliculatus are synonyms. Journal of Fish Biology 79: 1350–1355.

Ikhsani, S. N., 2017. Analisis keragaman genetik Ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) di Fishing Ground Perairan Selatan Jawa Timur berdasarkan Sekuen D-Loop DNA mitokondria. [Thesis] Universitas Brawijaya.

Irmawati, 2016. Genetika populasi ikan. Andi offset.

Kartika, G. R. A., Sartimbul, A., Widodo, W., 2017. Varian genetik Sardinella lemuru di Perairan Selat Bali. Jurnal Kelautan: Indonesian Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 10(1): 21–28.

Kelly, R. P., Port, J.A., Yamahara, K.M., Crowder, L.B., 2014. Using environmental DNA to census marine fishes in a large mesocosm. PLoS ONE, 9(1): 1–11.

Khasanah, R. I., Sartimbul, A., Herawati, Y., 2018. Komposisi isi lambung ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) di perairan Selat Bali. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Ikan Ke 8, 315–321.

[KKP] Kementerian Kelautan Perikanan., 2011. Keputusan Menteri Kelautan Perikanan Nomor 45 Tahun 2011 tentang Estimasi Potensi Sumber Daya Ikan di Wilayah Pengelolaan Perikanan Negara Republik Indonesia. Jakarta (ID): KKP.

[KKP] Kementerian Kelautan Perikanan., 2016. Keputusan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia Nomor 68/KepMen-KP/2016 Tentang Rencana Pengelolaan Perikanan Ikan lemuru di Wilayah Pengelolaan Perikanan Negara Republik Indonesia [Decree of the Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia No. 68/KepMen-KP/2016 pertaining to the Fisheries Management Plan for Lemuru Fishery in the Fisheries Management Areas of the Republic of Indonesia]. 55 pp.

Kovach, R. P., Muhlfeld, C. C., Wade, A. A., Hand, B. K., Whited, D. C., DeHaan, P. W., Al-Chokhachy, R., Luikart, G., 2015. Genetic diversity is related to climatic variation and vulnerability in threatened bull trout. Global Change Biology, 21(7): 2510–2524.

Lasabuda, 2013. Pembangunan wilayah pesisir dan lautan dalam perspektif negara kepulauan republik indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Platax, I (2): 92-101.

Lestari, 2017. Keragaman genetik pada Ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) berdasarkan keragaman basa Control Region (D-Loop) di Perairan Probolinggo dan Puger. [Thesis]. Universitas Brawijaya.

Listiyaningsih, D., 2017. Keragaman genetik Ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) Di fishing ground Perairan Probolinggo dan Prigi menggunakan sekuen Mtdna Control Region. [Thesis]. Universitas Brawijaya.

Madhavi, R., Lakshmi, T.T., 2012. Community ecology of the metazoan parasites of the Indian mackerel Rastrelliger kanagurta (Scombridae) from the coast of Visakhapatnam, Bay of Bengal. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 36(2): 165–170.

Markert, J. A., Champlin, D.M., Gobell, R.G., Grear, J.S., Kuhn, A., Mcgreevy, T.J., Roth, A., Bagley, M.J., Nacci, D.E., 2010. Population genetic diversity and fitness in multiple environments. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 10(205): 1–13.

Martinez, A. S., Willoughby, J.R., Christie, M.R., 2018. Genetic diversity in fishes is influenced by habitat type and life‐history variation. Ecology and Evolution, 1–10.

Marwayana, Nurrahman, O., 2015. Ekstraksi asam deoksiribonukleat (DNA) dari sampel jaringan otot. Oseana, XL (2): 1-9.

Narum, S.R., Buerkle, C.A., Davey, J.W., Miller, M.R., Hohenlohe, P.A., 2013. Genotyping-by-sequencing in ecological and conservation genomics. Molecular Ecology, 22(11): 2841–2847.

Nei, M., 1987. Molecular Evolution Genetic. Columbia University Press.

Nicholls, T.J., Minczuk, M., 2014. In D-loop: 40years of mitochondrial 7S DNA. Experimental Gerontology, 56: 175–181.

Noviasri, A.D., 2016. Analisis struktur populasi Ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru) dari Perairan Jawa Timur menggunakan teknik DNA sequencing. [Skripsi]. Universitas Brawijaya.

Parmaksız, A., Şeker, O., 2018. Genetic diversity of the endemic species Shabbout (Arabibarbus grypus (Heckel, 1843) based on partial cytochrome b sequences of mitochondrial DNA, Aquatic Research 1(3): 103-109.

Pedrosa-Gerasmio, I.R., Agmata, A.B., Santos, M,D., 2015. Genetic diversity, population genetic structure, and demographic history of Auxis thazard (Perciformes), Selar crumenophthalmus (Perciformes), Rastrelliger kanagurta (Perciformes) and Sardinella lemuru (Clupeiformes) in Sulu-Celebes Sea inferred by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Fisheries Research, 162: 64–74.

Pertami, N. D., Rahardjo, M.F., Damar, A., Nurjaya, I.W., 2019. Food and feeding habit of Bali Sardinella, Sardinella lemuru Bleeker, 1853 in Bali Strait waters. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 19(1): 143–155.

Pertami, N. D., Rahardjo, M.F., Tampubolon, P.A.R.P., 2016. Perikanan lemuru, Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853 di Selat Bali: status, permasalahan dan pengelolaan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Ikan Ke-9, 483–495.

Pertiwi, N.P.D., 2015. Identifikasi Ikan Karang Famili Pseudochromidae (Dottyback) di kawasan Coral Triangle. [Thesis]. Universitas Udayana.

Pertiwi, N.P.D., Sembiring, A., Mahardini, A., Cahyani, N.K.D., Anggoro, A.W., Nugraha, B., Sulistyaningsih, R.K., Jatmiko, I., Mahardika, I.G.N.K., 2014. Struktur populasi Tuna Mata Besar (Thunnus obesus) di Kepulauan Indo-Malaya: analisis Control Region, DNA Mitokondria. Biodiversitas Indonesia (Bionesia). Simposium Nasional Pengelolaan Perikanan Tuna Berkelanjutan, 438–446.

Phadphon, P., Amontailak, T., Kotchantuek, N., Srithawong, S., Kutanan, W., Suwannapoom, C., 2019. Genetic diversity of the endangered Mekong Giant Catfish, Striped Catfish, and their hybrids from thailand. Tropical Conservation Science 12: 1–9.

Rahimi P., Gilkolaie, R.S., Mostafavi, G.P., Sh, J., Rahnema, M., 2016. Population genetic structure of the white sardine, Sardinella albella, in the Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman by analysis of mitochondrial control region. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 15(3): 995–1008.

Reusch, T. B. H., Ehlers, A., Hämmerli, A., Worm, B. 2005. Ecosystem recovery after climatic extremes enhanced by genotypic diversity. PNAS, 102(8): 2826–2831.

Rusnita, D., 2015. SNPs analysis as a tool in molecular genetics diagnostics. MKA, 38(1): 49-56.

Saanin, H., 1984. Taksonomi dan Kunci Identifikasi Ikan. Binacipta.

Saeidi, Z., Gilkolaei, S.R, Soltani, M., Laloei, F., 2014. Population genetic studies of Liza aurata using D-Loop sequencing in the southeast and southwest coasts of the Caspian Sea. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 13(1): 216–227.

Sartimbul, A., Rohadi E., Ikhsani, S.N., Listiyaningsih, D., 2018. Morphometric and meristic variations among five populations of Sardinella lemuru Bleeker, 1853 from waters of Bali Strait, northern and southern-east Java and their relation to the environment 1,2. AACL Bioflux, 11(3): 744–752.

Scribner, K. T., Lowe,W.H., Landguth, L., Luikart, G., Infante, D.M., Whelan, G.E., Muhlfeld, C.C., 2016. Applications de données génétiques pour améliorer la gestion et la conservation des poissons de rivière et de leurs habitats. Fisheries, 41(4): 174–188.

Sukumaran, S., Sebastian, W., Gopalakrishnan, A., 2016. Population genetic structure of Indian oil sardine, Sardinella longiceps along Indian coast. Gene, 576(1): 372–378.

Takahara, T., Minamoto, T., Yamanaka, H., Doi, H., Kawabata, Z., 2012. Estimation of fish biomass using environmental DNA. PLoS ONE, 7(4): 1–8.

Toha, A.H., Widodo, N., Subhan, B., Himawan, M.R., Tania, C., Noor, B.N., Stewart, B.S., Madduppa, H.H., 2016. Close genetic relatedness of whale sharks, hincodon typus in the Indo-Pacific region. AACL Bioflux, 9(3): 458-465.

vander Wal, E., Garant, D., Festa-Bianchet, M., Pelletier, F., 2013. Evolutionary rescue in vertebrates: Evidence, applications and uncertainty. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 368(1610): 1–9.

Wudji, A., Suwarso, Wudianto, 2012. Hubungan panjang bobot, faktor kondisi dan struktur ukuran Ikan lemuru (Sardinella Lemuru Bleeker 1853) di Perairan Selat Bali. Bawal, 4(2): 83–89.

Wujdi, A., Wudianto, 2015. Status Stok sumberdaya Ikan lemuru (Sardinella lemuru Bleeker, 1853) di Perairan Selat Bali. J.Lit. Perikanan. Ind, 21(4): 253–260.

Yoon, M.G., Jung, J.Y., Nam, Y.K., Kim, D.S., 2011. Genetic diversity of Thread-sail Filefish Stephanolepis cirrhifer populations in Korean Coastal Waters inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis. Fish Aquat Sci 14(1): 16-21.

Zamroni, A., 2012. Struktur genetika populasi Ikan Malalugis (Decapterus macarellus) di Perairan Pulau Sulawesi berdasarkan MT-Dna marker. [Thesis]. Institut Pertanian Bogor.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29103/aa.v7i1.2405

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 1138 times
 PDF Downloaded : 19 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Copyright (c) Acta Aquatica: Aquatic Sciences Journal   

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.